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Finland becomes the first country in the world to get rid of all school subjects and take on phenomenon-based learning by the year 2020.

The teaching style will also become more holistic and cooperation-based rather than a traditional teacher-centered way of teaching.

Many students in this day and age often wonder if they will ever need the subjects they’re learning at school in their professional or personal development.

Phenomenon-Based

In light of that, Finland becomes the first country in the world to plan to remove all school subjects and instead implement phenomenon-based learning, an education system more suitable for the 21st century.

Phenomenon-based learning allows students to pick a phenomenon they see in real life, and study everything about it, and what may relate to it.

Phenomenal Education said on their website: “In Phenomenon Based Learning (PHenoBL) and teaching, holistic real-world phenomena provide the starting point for learning. The phenomena are studied as complete entities, in their real context, and the information and skills related to them are studied by crossing the boundaries between subjects.”

For example, if a student chooses a vocational course, can take “cafeteria services” and then the phenomenon will be studied through math, languages, writing and communication skills etc.

If a student wants to study the European Union, they would study it through economics, languages, geography and the history of the countries involved, the events that led up to it, etc.

This is what’s called the interdisciplinary approach, meaning subjects will be included in the learning, but only the aspects of the subjects that pertain to the particular chosen phenomenon.

The teaching style will also change. Instead of the traditional teacher-to-student method, this way of learning will be a more holistic approach, involving a lot of teamwork, and structuring the classroom in a problem-solving approach.

This is supposed to fully take place by 2020, however schools are currently being told to include a period of phenomenon-based learning at least once a year.

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Sara O'Connell
A passionate photographer from Arizona, Sara enjoys art and culture.